Between the age of 15 and 24 most adults have thirty two teeth; sixteen teeth on the top and sixteen teeth on the bottom. Each tooth in the mouth has a specific name and function. The teeth in the front of the mouth are ideal for grasping and biting food into smaller pieces. The back teeth – molar teeth – are used to grind food up into a consistency suitable for swallowing. The majority of mouths are unable fit thirty two teeth properly. It can be painful when 32 teeth try to fit in a mouth that holds only 28 teeth. These four other teeth are your third molars, also known as “wisdom teeth” and they can become problematic.
When the extra third molars develop they may fail to erupt through the gum line correctly and they can become impacted. When wisdom teeth become impacted, the commonly recommended practice is to remove them before they erupt. If allowed to erupt through your gum line your wisdom teeth can cause infection, swelling and pain the the jaw.
Why Should I Have My Wisdom Teeth Removed?
Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt in your mouth. When they align properly and gum tissue is healthy then wisdom teeth do not have to be removed. Unfortunately, this does not generally occur. The extraction of wisdom teeth is necessary when they are prevented from properly erupting within the mouth. They may grow sideways, partially emerge from the gum, and even remain trapped beneath the gum and bone. Impacted teeth can take many positions in the bone as they attempt to find a path that will allow them to erupt successfully.
Impacted teeth are poorly positioned and can cause many problems. When they partially erupt, the opening around the teeth allows bacteria to grow and will eventually cause an infection. The result of a wisdom tooth infection is typically swelling, pain, illness and possible damage to the second molar. The pressure from the erupting wisdom teeth may move other teeth and disrupt the orthodontic or natural alignment of teeth. The most serious problems occur when tumors or cysts form around an impacted wisdom teeth, resulting in the destruction of the jawbone and healthy teeth. Extraction of the offending impacted teeth usually resolves these problems. Early removal is recommended to avoid future problems and to decrease any risk involved with the procedure.
With an oral examination and a panoramic x-rays of the mouth, Dr. Calat can evaluate the position of the wisdom teeth and predict if there are present or may be future problems. Studies have shown that early evaluation and treatment of wisdom teeth will result in a superior outcome for the patient. Patients are generally first evaluated in the mid-teenage years by their dentist, orthodontist or by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon.
Wisdom Teeth Removal
Wisdom teeth removal is an oral surgery procedure that is best performed by a specialist. These tooth extractions can be performed with local anesthesia, although some patients prefer to be sedated and sleep through the procedure. Dr. Calat has the training, license and experience to provide various types of anesthesia for patients to select the choice that they are most comfortable with. Treatment options will be reviewed and discussed with you before any procedure is performed. Once your procedure is complete, our team will review how to best take care of yourself. To help control bleeding, gauze is placed in your mouth. You will rest under our supervision in the office until you are ready to be taken home. Upon discharge, your postoperative kit will include postoperative instructions and necessary prescriptions. If you have any questions or need further assistance, please do not hesitate to call us at 201-659-6999.
If you need to consult with an oral surgeon about wisdom teeth please call the offices of Hoboken Oral Surgery today – 201-659-6999.
Dr Calat’s Hoboken New Jersey office is convenient to Jersey City, Bayonne, Weehawken, North Bergen, Newark, Elizabeth, Journal Square, Greenville, and Union City. The office is conveniently located next to the path train as well as New Jersey Transit buses 22, 23, 85 or 89. You can find a map with directions to our office here.